The INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RESEARCH AND ANALYTICAL REVIEWS (IJRAR) aims to explore advances in research pertaining to applied, theoretical and experimental Technological studies. The goal is to promote scientific information interchange between researchers, developers, engineers, students, and practitioners working in and around the world.
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Paper Title: AGE ESTIMATION USING MANDIBULAR SECOND MOLAR RADIOGRAPHS- A RADIOGRAPHIC STUDY
Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR
Published Paper ID: - IJRAR19J3783
Register Paper ID - 200091
Title: AGE ESTIMATION USING MANDIBULAR SECOND MOLAR RADIOGRAPHS- A RADIOGRAPHIC STUDY
Author Name(s): M. Chandrasekhar, M. Charitha, D.Ayesha thabusum, G.Chandra sekhar, M.Shalini
Publisher Journal name: IJRAR
Year: January 2018
Determination of age of an individual is one of the most important aspects of medico legal cases and anthropological research. Radiographs can be used directly to measure the rate of secondary dentin deposition. Aims and objectives: The aim of the present study is to demonstrate a non- invasive and feasible method of age estimation using radiographs of multi rooted teeth for adults in Kadapa population. Materials and methods: The study was conducted in the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology at Government Dental College and Hospital, Kadapa. A total of 80 patients aged between 20-60 years were selected. A panoramic radiograph was taken for every patient. Pulp crown height (PCH) and crown root trunk height (CRTH) was recorded on the mandibular second molar followed by calculating pulp crown root trunk height ratio (PCTHR) & then a regression equation was derived. The radiological age is measured by using the regression equation & the disparity between the radiograph and chronological age was noted, the results were statistically analysed. Results: It was observed that although there was weak negative co relation between age & PCTHR (r= -0.231), the results were statistically significant (p= 0.036). The regression equation thus derived though of minimum use in age group of 20-30 and 50-60 years , it gave excellent results in estimation age of individuals of 30- 40 years and 40-50 years with a mean difference of 3.41 and -4.80 respectively. Conclusion: Assessment of pulp chamber height could be used to yield significant values and is a reliable parameter for age estimation in the field of forensic odontology.
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