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International Journal of Research and Analytical Reviews (IJRAR)

International Peer Reviewed, Open Access Journal

E-ISSN 2348-1269, P- ISSN 2349-5138 | ESTD Year: 2014

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The INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RESEARCH AND ANALYTICAL REVIEWS (IJRAR) aims to explore advances in research pertaining to applied, theoretical and experimental Technological studies. The goal is to promote scientific information interchange between researchers, developers, engineers, students, and practitioners working in and around the world.


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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RESEARCH AND ANALYTICAL REVIEWS (IJRAR)
E-ISSN 2348-1269, P- ISSN 2349-5138 | Impact factor: 5.75 | ESTD Year: 2014 | UGC and ISSN Approved.
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Volume 8 | Issue 2

  Paper Title: BLACK IS BEAUTIFUL

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR21B1001

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR21B1001

  Register Paper ID - 232057

  Title: BLACK IS BEAUTIFUL

  Author Name(s): Dr. Meena Edith Keller

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 1-6

 Year: April 2021

 Downloads: 61

 Abstract

This paper is intended to give a detailed description of the color black. Its history and reasons for the color having negative connotations .An attempt has been made to consider the psychological theories regarding colors and trying to ascertain that associations with the black color are influenced by experience, culture, religion ,gender ,nationality etc.


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crones, fallibility, Cistercian ,Benedictine, Gender Schema Theory, Ecological Valence Theory.

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  Paper Title: HEIGHTENING THE VIRTUAL TEACHING AND LEARNING IN HIGHER EDUCATION DURING COVID-19

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR21B1002

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR21B1002

  Register Paper ID - 232180

  Title: HEIGHTENING THE VIRTUAL TEACHING AND LEARNING IN HIGHER EDUCATION DURING COVID-19

  Author Name(s): A.K. GOPI KRISHNA, K. Suneetha Reddy, VB. Chitra, SUNEETHA YADAV

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 7-13

 Year: April 2021

 Downloads: 46

 Abstract

The entire educational system from elementary to higher education level has been collapsed in the duration the COVID-19 pandemic situation across the globe. Higher education in India is currently following the theoretical and practical teaching and learning methods. Higher education students acquire knowledge from face-to-face interaction through classroom and laboratory. These traditional pedagogical approaches are abruptly closed by COVID-19 pandemic situation and adopted virtual teaching and learning techniques. The virtual method initiated novel teaching and learning techniques in higher education. Firstly this paper made a few important discussions on virtual versatility and disorders of teaching and learning during the COVID-19 pandemic conditions. Secondly this paper also explores the virtual teaching and learning pedagogical approaches during the COVID-19 situation.


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COVID-19, theoretical, practical, virtual versatility and disorders and pedagogical approaches.

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  Paper Title: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF PARLIAMENTARY STRUCTURE AND LEGISLATIVE PROCESS OF INDIA AND UNITED KINGDOM

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR21B1003

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR21B1003

  Register Paper ID - 232112

  Title: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF PARLIAMENTARY STRUCTURE AND LEGISLATIVE PROCESS OF INDIA AND UNITED KINGDOM

  Author Name(s): ABDU RAHIMAN N

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 14-16

 Year: April 2021

 Downloads: 28

 Abstract

A nation is built on various pillars and structures. The law making body , the implementing authority , the judicial structure , the electoral system , all these forms tha base of the nations existence. India , as a nation has very unique kind of polity in all. Though it has adopted provisions , ideas and concepts from various nations around the world , in its application, India has brought in changes of its own , with consideration of its special nature. The parliamentary system of india is by adopting the idea from US Polity. However , even in this, India has kept itself unique. This paper attempts to make a comparative analysis of the legislative process of India and United Kingdom. The study reflects how there is a difference in protocols as well as in procedural functions of both India and United Kingdom, despite the similarity in the system in itself. It further depicts how different types of privileges, functions , procedures and parliamentary immunity are practiced in both countries.


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A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF PARLIAMENTARY STRUCTURE AND LEGISLATIVE PROCESS OF INDIA AND UNITED KINGDOM

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  Paper Title: TEACHER-TRAINEES’ PERCEPTIONS ON ICTs’ EFFECTIVENESS IN TEACHING AND LEARNING

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR21B1004

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR21B1004

  Register Paper ID - 232181

  Title: TEACHER-TRAINEES’ PERCEPTIONS ON ICTS’ EFFECTIVENESS IN TEACHING AND LEARNING

  Author Name(s): Bernice Yawa Tsitsia, Samuel Kwesi Kabbah, Valence Doyi, Peace Safo

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 17-27

 Year: April 2021

 Downloads: 23

 Abstract

The study sought to examine the teacher-trainees’ perceptions on the effectiveness of ICTs use in teaching and learning, with the focus on the students’: common use of ICTs, level of ICT skills, impact of ICTs usage in learning and perceived factors associated with ICTs integration in learning. A descriptive quantitative research design was used to further the study process. The population examined comprised the selected Colleges of Education teacher-trainees in Ghana. Purposive sampling technique was used to involve 74 participants in the study. Descriptive data analysis was carried out using Jamovi Statistical Data Analysis (JSDA) tool and the Microsoft Excel Application package. The Cronbach’s Alpha (α) reliability analysis obtained on items include: 0.83, 0.81, 0.85, and 0.72 respectively. Most of the students, of about 86.3% each, use ICT tools regularly for research on assignments and presentations of classwork respectively, while about 71.2% used it regularly for SNS. The findings revealed moderate or low frequency rates of about 43.8%, 19.2%, 30.1%, and 38.4% of the respondents that can use: word processing packages, excel, PowerPoint and Encyclopedia very well. The overall mean of 3.7 admitted ICTs use in learning: motivates them to explore more content areas, encourages them to collaborate with others easily, improves their IT/information management skills in general, will improve their career or employment prospects in the long term, makes them feel connected to what is going on in the Colleges, makes them get more actively involved in class activities, and it makes them feel connected to their environment, other students and the tutors. About 95.9% and 89.0% of the students were of the view that there should be strong internet connectivity in the Colleges to support ICTs in teaching and learning. About 65.8% of students also resolute there are limited or no ICTs facilities in their College libraries. In addition, 56.2% of the respondents were of the view that ICT courses be made mandatory core courses for all students for the 4-years of study. The study recommends the establishment/refurbish of ICT facilities in the Colleges, the organisation of periodic ICT training courses for tutors and the reconsideration of ICT core courses for students throughout the 4-year B.Ed. programme of study.


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ICTs, Colleges of Educations, technology, integration, National Council for Tertiary Education

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  Paper Title: “DISRUPTIVE INNOVATION: A CATALYST FOR CHANGE IN BUSINESS”

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR21B1005

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR21B1005

  Register Paper ID - 232023

  Title: “DISRUPTIVE INNOVATION: A CATALYST FOR CHANGE IN BUSINESS”

  Author Name(s): Dr.Raju V, Mr.Tinto Tom, Mr.Jagadeesh KK

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 28-35

 Year: April 2021

 Downloads: 29

 Abstract


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Business Modelling, Market Modelling, Disruption, Innovation

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  Paper Title: QUINTESSENCE OF GANDHIAN IDEOLOGY AND ITS PERENNIAL RELEVANCE

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR21B1006

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR21B1006

  Register Paper ID - 232280

  Title: QUINTESSENCE OF GANDHIAN IDEOLOGY AND ITS PERENNIAL RELEVANCE

  Author Name(s): Dr Gunjan Chaturvedi, Pritika Sharma

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 36-40

 Year: April 2021

 Downloads: 19

 Abstract


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Ruskin, Tolstoy, Thoreau

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  Paper Title: Tagore’s Poem “ Shresthaviksha’ : A Re-visioning Through Mortal Eye

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR21B1007

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR21B1007

  Register Paper ID - 232263

  Title: TAGORE’S POEM “ SHRESTHAVIKSHA’ : A RE-VISIONING THROUGH MORTAL EYE

  Author Name(s): Dr. Dipankar Chakrabarti

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 41-42

 Year: April 2021

 Downloads: 21

 Abstract

Tagore, as is apparent, had a firm faith and respect for the Buddhist literature, and naturally enough the affinity left a deep mark in the literature, Tagore created centring Tathagata. Like any inspiring episodes from the age of Uponishada, Shikh-Maratha and Bengali trend-setting act of chivalry – the stories of Jataka and the life of Lord Buddha had always been a centre of Tagore’s admiration. The Sanskrit Buddhist Literature of Nepal of Raja Rajendralal Mitra was, perhaps, the most important source for Tagore so far as the his creations on Buddha was concerned. Tagore found the book as a treasure-house for his immortal creations in poetic and dramatic forms like ‘SHRESTHAVIKSKA( the best elms), Mostak vikroy’(head-selling), Pujarini(the female worshipper), Nagar Luxmi (the city- Goddess), Parishod(repayment), Samanya khati(minimal loss), Mulyaprapti( vale-receiving), etc. With the crude stories from the source Tagore’s addition of his devotional pedantic attachments and traditional cultural value help his creations adorable with eternal sensibility- the resting place for a noble mind.


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shresthaviksha, re-visioning, Tagore, Tathagata, Buddha

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  Paper Title: “Detection of COVID-19 from chest X-Rays images”

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR21B1008

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR21B1008

  Register Paper ID - 232288

  Title: “DETECTION OF COVID-19 FROM CHEST X-RAYS IMAGES”

  Author Name(s): Azim Shaikh, Rahul Sahani, Omkar Pundlik, Parag Kulkarni

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 43-49

 Year: April 2021

 Downloads: 27

 Abstract

The increasing number of cases of confirmed coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in China is striking. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between chest CT findings and the clinical conditions of COVID-19 pneumonia. Among those who develop symptoms, most (about 80%) recover from the disease without needing hospital treatment. About 15% become seriously ill and require oxygen and 5% become critically ill and need intensive care. Complications leading to death may include respiratory failure, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), sepsis and septic shock, thromboembolism, and/or multiorgan failure, including injury of the heart, liver or kidneys. In rare situations, children can develop a severe inflammatory syndrome a few weeks after infection. Proposed method not only detects the availability of NOVEL CORONA but also it tracks the treatment progress. In Second generation, number of architectures or algorithms is present for classification problem. In other languages we have to start from scratch, but for MATLAB and Python this is another case. Simply calling those function and changing the input argument, you test. Due to available built in commands, design and development time get reduced. With minimal Mathematics behind deep learning, we can design and test various architectures of neural network.


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Covid-19, CNN, X-Rays.

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  Paper Title: MEDICAL REPRESENTATIVES: MAKING THE DIGITAL LEAP

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR21B1009

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR21B1009

  Register Paper ID - 232297

  Title: MEDICAL REPRESENTATIVES: MAKING THE DIGITAL LEAP

  Author Name(s): Vidhi Gadhiya, Azania T Panicker, Shreeya Tamhankar, Kavya Arora, Shruti Kandalgaonkar

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 50-58

 Year: April 2021

 Downloads: 21

 Abstract


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Pharmaceutical sales representative, e-detailing, digital marketing, advertisements

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  Paper Title: CASE STUDY ON PAEDIATRIC TYPE-1 DIABETES MELLITUS WITH DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR21B1010

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR21B1010

  Register Paper ID - 232275

  Title: CASE STUDY ON PAEDIATRIC TYPE-1 DIABETES MELLITUS WITH DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS

  Author Name(s): K. Devi Chandana, K.Padmalatha, Santhi Krupa D

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 59-66

 Year: April 2021

 Downloads: 32

 Abstract

Type -1 diabetes mellitus is an auto-immune reaction in which the insulin-producing pancreatic cells are attacked, it is mostly caused by genetics. Thus, the body becomes insulin deficient and hyperglycaemia occurs.4% of type 1 diabetes are diagnosed at 6 months of age.It is a chronic condition and can start at any age. The children with Type-1 Diabetes commonly present with polydipsia, polyuria, and weight loss and approximately a 3rd % with diabetic ketoacidosis. insulin administration does not mimic the function of pancreatic cells. Transplantation of pancreas and islets can be a promising treatment for normalizing blood sugar levels. With the increasing population of type 1 diabetes, there is a shortage of pancreatic donors so stem cell therapy is the potential treatment for patients with type 1 diabetes.


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Diabeties. Ketoacidosis, Insulin, Pancreas

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  Paper Title: A COMPARITIVE ANALYSIS ON LI- FI FRAMEWORK

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR21B1011

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR21B1011

  Register Paper ID - 232320

  Title: A COMPARITIVE ANALYSIS ON LI- FI FRAMEWORK

  Author Name(s): Jayamalini, Alfia Imtiaz Munshi

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 67-74

 Year: April 2021

 Downloads: 21

 Abstract

The advancement is outstandingly new and was proposed by the German physicist Harald Haas in 2011 Chat on Visible Light Communication (VLC). Li-Fi is a far off optical frameworks organization development that uses light producing diodes (LEDs) for transmission of data. The designing benefits light as a medium to pass on quick correspondence in a manner homogeneous to a Wi-Fi. This advancement has benefits like security, extended open reach, low inactivity efficiency and significantly higher speed when appeared differently in relation to Wi-Fi. This paper tries to clarify the thought and approaches of Li-Fi advancement. Likewise, for outside applications, photovoltaic modules give off an impression of being interesting alternatives to photodiode-based old style identifiers. They are definitely known to offer a more raised degree of adaptability to submersion impacts. The current Wi-Fi association utilizes Radio Frequency waves; anyway the utilization of the available RF range is limited. Therefore another development, Li-Fi has come into picture. Be that as it may, this paper revolves around Li-Fi, its applications, features and relationship with existing advances like Wi-Fi, etc Wi-Fi is of huge use for general far off incorporation inside building, while Li-Fi is ideal for high thickness far off data consideration in bound region and especially significant for applications in domains where radio impedance issues are of concern, so the two headways can be seen as free. Li-Fi gives better information transmission, capability, organization and security than Wi-Fi. The thought can be completed at outrageous straightforwardness and with higher profitability. As of now, the ordinary activities use some portion of LEDs based lights for edification, which can moreover be used for correspondence in light, remembering the advantages like quick exchanging, high force proficiency and protected to human vision.


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Light Fidelity (LiFi); Visible Light Communication (VLC), wireless communication technologies.

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  Paper Title: TIME TRAVEL

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR21B1012

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR21B1012

  Register Paper ID - 232255

  Title: TIME TRAVEL

  Author Name(s): Souvik Bhattacharjee

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 75-76

 Year: April 2021

 Downloads: 23

 Abstract

TIME TRAVEL


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