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The INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RESEARCH AND ANALYTICAL REVIEWS (IJRAR) aims to explore advances in research pertaining to applied, theoretical and experimental Technological studies. The goal is to promote scientific information interchange between researchers, developers, engineers, students, and practitioners working in and around the world.


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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RESEARCH AND ANALYTICAL REVIEWS (IJRAR)
E-ISSN 2348-1269, P- ISSN 2349-5138 | Impact factor: 7.17 | ESTD Year: 2014 | UGC and ISSN Approved. | Provide DOI and Hard copy of Certificate.
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Call For Paper (Volume 10 | Issue 1 | Month- January 2023)

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Volume 10 | Issue 1

  Paper Title: CASTING AND CHARACTERIZATION OF ALUMINIUM BASED METAL MATRIX COMPOSITE

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR23A1001
Published Paper URL: http://ijrar.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJRAR23A1001
Published Paper PDF: download.php?file=IJRAR23A1001
Published Paper PDF: http://www.ijrar.org/papers/IJRAR23A1001.pdf

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR23A1001

  Register Paper ID - 258075

  Title: CASTING AND CHARACTERIZATION OF ALUMINIUM BASED METAL MATRIX COMPOSITE

  Author Name(s): Virendra Kumar Sharma, Dr. D. K. Rao

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) :

 Pubished in Volume: 10  | Issue: 1  | Year: January 2023

 Volume: 10

 Issue: 1

 Pages: 1-8

 Year: January 2023

 Subject Area: Science and Technology

 Author type: Indian Author

 Downloads: 138

 Abstract

Abstract: Composite materials which main constituent part is a metal are called Metal Matrix Composites. The other compounds may be metal too, ceramics or even organics. They are well known for their excellent thermo physical and mechanical properties. Reinforcement is used to improve different properties of main material, such as wear resistance, hardness, fatigue resistance, friction coefficient, thermal conductivity and others.As a result, during the last years, MMCs have found a lot of application in automobile industry for the production of breaks and parts of engines and in aerospace industry for the production of structural components, as well as in electrical and electronic industry and in many other applications. MMCs can be produced by many ways, such as, powder blending and consolidation, foil diffusion bonding, electroplating, spray deposition, stir casting and others. In this research stir casting was used as processing technique for the production of Aluminum Metal Matrix composites reinforced by silicon carbide (SiC) particles.The morphologies of the produced composite material were examined using optical microscope. And also, mechanical properties like hardness and tensile strength of developed composite material with varying SiC weight percentage were tested. The composite was prepared by �Stir Casting Method�. Mechanical properties of the samples are measured and validated. The tested samples are examined using Scanning Electron microscope (SEM) for the characterization of microstructure on the surface of composites. The results of the research work show that the proposed composites are compared with Al based metal matrix composites at corresponding values of test parameters.


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Stir casting method, Al 6061, Metal Matrix Composite, silicon carbide, Optical Microscopy Test, Micro Hardness Tester.

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  Paper Title: ELECTROMAGNETIC SHIELDING BEHAVIOR OF CONDUCTIVE POLYPYRROLE COATED COTTON COMPOSITE

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR23A1002
Published Paper URL: http://ijrar.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJRAR23A1002
Published Paper PDF: download.php?file=IJRAR23A1002
Published Paper PDF: http://www.ijrar.org/papers/IJRAR23A1002.pdf

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR23A1002

  Register Paper ID - 258078

  Title: ELECTROMAGNETIC SHIELDING BEHAVIOR OF CONDUCTIVE POLYPYRROLE COATED COTTON COMPOSITE

  Author Name(s): P.S.Rahangdale, Dr.A.W.Kolhatkar

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) :

 Pubished in Volume: 10  | Issue: 1  | Year: January 2023

 Volume: 10

 Issue: 1

 Pages: 9-14

 Year: January 2023

 Subject Area: Science and Technology

 Author type: Indian Author

 Downloads: 68

 Abstract

Polypyrrole (PPy) is an electrically conductive organic material perspective for application in the field of electromagnetic interference shielding (EMI). In situ polymerization was employed to deposit polypyrrole on the cotton fabrics by using ferric chloride as oxidizing as well as doping agent. The conductive cotton fabric deserves the high electrical conductivity, and was effective in electromagnetic shielding application by surface reflection and transmission.


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conductive fabrics, polypyrrole, EMI

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  Paper Title: A NEW SPECIES OF THE GENUS ACANTHOCEPHALUS (KOELRUTHER,1771) RECOVERED FROM THE INTESTINE OF CLARIAS MAGUR FROM IMPHAL-EAST, MANIPUR (INDIA).

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR23A1003
Published Paper URL: http://ijrar.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJRAR23A1003
Published Paper PDF: download.php?file=IJRAR23A1003
Published Paper PDF: http://www.ijrar.org/papers/IJRAR23A1003.pdf

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  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR23A1003

  Register Paper ID - 257963

  Title: A NEW SPECIES OF THE GENUS ACANTHOCEPHALUS (KOELRUTHER,1771) RECOVERED FROM THE INTESTINE OF CLARIAS MAGUR FROM IMPHAL-EAST, MANIPUR (INDIA).

  Author Name(s): N.Pengki Devi, R.K.Gambhir Singh

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) :

 Pubished in Volume: 10  | Issue: 1  | Year: January 2023

 Volume: 10

 Issue: 1

 Pages: 15-21

 Year: January 2023

 Subject Area: Life Sciences All

 Author type: Indian Author

 Downloads: 48

 Abstract

Acanthocephalus probirum n. sp. (Palaeacanthocephala: Echinorhynchidae) is describe from the intestine of Clarius magur (Hamilton, 1822) collected from Sekmai river. The new species is distinguished from other members of Acanthocephalus by features of its trunk which is small clavate, slightly expanded medially and bluntly pointed posteriorly. It is further distinguished by having a cylindrical proboscis armed with 12-15 longitudinal rows of 6-10 stout hooks, the anterior half regularly uniform in size and shape, decreasing in size toward the base. Furthermore, the leminisci are saccate and shorter than the proboscis receptacle and the testes are in the middle third of trunk, diagonal, spherical and small relative to the body. This is the first record of the genus Acanthocephalus from freshwater fish in Manipur.


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Acanthocephalus, Clarius magur, Imphal-east, Sekmai river, trunk.

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  Paper Title: A STUDY OF DIRECT TAX STRUCTURE OF BRICS COUNTRIES

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR23A1004
Published Paper URL: http://ijrar.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJRAR23A1004
Published Paper PDF: download.php?file=IJRAR23A1004
Published Paper PDF: http://www.ijrar.org/papers/IJRAR23A1004.pdf

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR23A1004

  Register Paper ID - 257980

  Title: A STUDY OF DIRECT TAX STRUCTURE OF BRICS COUNTRIES

  Author Name(s): DR KOMAL JAISWAL

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) :

 Pubished in Volume: 10  | Issue: 1  | Year: January 2023

 Volume: 10

 Issue: 1

 Pages: 22-32

 Year: January 2023

 Subject Area: Commerce and Management, MBA All Branch

 Author type: Indian Author

 Downloads: 41

 Abstract

Funds are required to meet out various survival and other needs at micro and macro level. At micro level, funds are generated through various sources of income and so by the State at macro level to meet out national developments. Taxation is one of them. The taxes can be direct or indirect. One form of direct tax is income tax which is very common and popular. Population is required to contribute certain percentage of their income in the national building. The state manages the entire process by various rules and regulations. This study focuses on the study of the structure of income tax in BRICS countries. The data is collected through secondary sources. The study concludes that each of the 5 BRICS countries has a different structure and needs certain amendments.


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Funds, Taxation, BRICS.

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  Paper Title: A STUDY ON USAGES OF DIGITAL FINANCIAL SERVICES AMONG RURAL HOUSEHOLDS DURING COVID 19 PANDEMIC

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR23A1005
Published Paper URL: http://ijrar.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJRAR23A1005
Published Paper PDF: download.php?file=IJRAR23A1005
Published Paper PDF: http://www.ijrar.org/papers/IJRAR23A1005.pdf

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR23A1005

  Register Paper ID - 258064

  Title: A STUDY ON USAGES OF DIGITAL FINANCIAL SERVICES AMONG RURAL HOUSEHOLDS DURING COVID 19 PANDEMIC

  Author Name(s): RIXY RAPHAEL K, DR. SITARA V ATTOKKARAN

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) :

 Pubished in Volume: 10  | Issue: 1  | Year: January 2023

 Volume: 10

 Issue: 1

 Pages: 33-38

 Year: January 2023

 Subject Area: Science and Technology

 Author type: Indian Author

 Downloads: 36

 Abstract

The role of digital financial service has emerged a lot especially during the Covid outbreak when citizens were advised to stay home and lockdown was imposed throughout the world. Lock down and social distancing compelled people to find substitutes to cash and face-to-face transactions. People all over the world shifted to using digital channels instead of cash payments. The present study is intended to examine the digital financial awareness and the usage of digital financial services during Covid-19 among the rural households. The primary data were collected from randomly selected 50 households in Thrikkur Gramma panchayath in Thrissur district of Kerala with the help of well-structured schedule. Majority of the respondents have low digital financial awareness. Poor awareness about digital financial services is the main problem faced by the respondents while using it. Google pay is the most preferred digital financial platform used by the respondents. For most of the respondents time saving is the reason for preferring digital financial services. After Covid 19 the usage of digital financial services among the respondents increased.


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Lockdown, Covid 19, Digital Financial Services, Digital financial Awareness score.

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  Paper Title: A STUDY ON COFFEE DEPENDENCE AMONG ADULTS

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR23A1006
Published Paper URL: http://ijrar.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJRAR23A1006
Published Paper PDF: download.php?file=IJRAR23A1006
Published Paper PDF: http://www.ijrar.org/papers/IJRAR23A1006.pdf

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR23A1006

  Register Paper ID - 258065

  Title: A STUDY ON COFFEE DEPENDENCE AMONG ADULTS

  Author Name(s): Dr.santosh kumar

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) : http://doi.one/10.1729/Journal.32580

 Pubished in Volume: 10  | Issue: 1  | Year: January 2023

 Volume: 10

 Issue: 1

 Pages: 39-53

 Year: January 2023

 Subject Area: Science and Technology

 Author type: Indian Author

 Downloads: 35

 Abstract

Drinking coffee has become a significant part of adult in the society. The present study provides and over view of coffee consumption and its physical and psychological effects onhuman beings. Coffee dependency scale is a self-report scale that is designed through review of literature and from the theme of Huntley�s caffeine expectancy questionnaire research on caffeine dependency. This work reflects on construct of coffee consumption concept among adults. The main objectiveof the study is to study coffee dependency in adult between this age of 20-40 years in Bangalore south region. The study constructedthe scale on coffee dependency through item pooling, item analysis and pilot study on 15 students. The scale was prepared to administer on a sample of 400 adults. Random sample of 400 adult were administered the coffee dependency scale. The range and skewness were obtained using Pearson correlation. The concurrent validity data was obtained using Pearson correlation. The construct validity was computed using lawshe�s formula the test-retest method was used and computed using Cronbach�s alpha test. The result was compared with Huntley�s standardized test.


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coffee, dependency,adults.

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  Paper Title: “LEGACY OF MAHATMA JYOTIBA PHULE ON WOMEN’S EMPOWERMENT”

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR23A1007
Published Paper URL: http://ijrar.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJRAR23A1007
Published Paper PDF: download.php?file=IJRAR23A1007
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  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR23A1007

  Register Paper ID - 257938

  Title: “LEGACY OF MAHATMA JYOTIBA PHULE ON WOMEN’S EMPOWERMENT”

  Author Name(s): Ruma Mukherjee

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) :

 Pubished in Volume: 10  | Issue: 1  | Year: January 2023

 Volume: 10

 Issue: 1

 Pages: 54-58

 Year: January 2023

 Subject Area: Science and Technology

 Author type: Indian Author

 Downloads: 38

 Abstract

�Legacy of Mahatma Jyotiba Phule on Women’s Empowerment


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�Legacy of Mahatma Jyotiba Phule on Women’s Empowerment

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  Paper Title: The Key transsexual characters and their significance in Hindu Mythology and Lisa Williamson’s the Art of being Normal - A Comparative Study

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR23A1008
Published Paper URL: http://ijrar.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJRAR23A1008
Published Paper PDF: download.php?file=IJRAR23A1008
Published Paper PDF: http://www.ijrar.org/papers/IJRAR23A1008.pdf

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR23A1008

  Register Paper ID - 257972

  Title: THE KEY TRANSSEXUAL CHARACTERS AND THEIR SIGNIFICANCE IN HINDU MYTHOLOGY AND LISA WILLIAMSON’S THE ART OF BEING NORMAL - A COMPARATIVE STUDY

  Author Name(s): C. KIRUTHIKA, Mr. T. SEKAR

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) :

 Pubished in Volume: 10  | Issue: 1  | Year: January 2023

 Volume: 10

 Issue: 1

 Pages: 59-65

 Year: January 2023

 Subject Area: Languages

 Author type: Indian Author

 Downloads: 36

 Abstract

Transgenders are the most under privileged and sidelined group of people, mostly failed to secure position in the society. They are deprived of education, jobs, health care and proper sanitation and shelter. The biological changes have brought them under third sex category among the mortals. Transgenders were thought to be good omen in Hindu myths and considered as heavenly beings. Transgenders are under previleged group of people and the society has least bothered for them nor sought any attention for their plight. The welfare programmes for the emancipation of the forbidden group by the government. A handful of transgenders are evolved over the years by the provision of education. But, their empowerment is too little and too late. The innumerable sufferings are unmentionable and their hardships communicated. The article makes a valiant attempt to consolidate the sufferings, enhancement of their life in reference with Hindu Mythologies. The study aims to make a threadbare analysis of their ancient and present roles with reference to myth and Lisa Williamson’s The Art of Being Normal.


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 Keywords

Transgender, mythology, deprivation.

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  Paper Title: GHODA NATA : A TRADITIONAL FOLK THEATRE FORM OF ODISHA

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR23A1009
Published Paper URL: http://ijrar.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJRAR23A1009
Published Paper PDF: download.php?file=IJRAR23A1009
Published Paper PDF: http://www.ijrar.org/papers/IJRAR23A1009.pdf

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR23A1009

  Register Paper ID - 258003

  Title: GHODA NATA : A TRADITIONAL FOLK THEATRE FORM OF ODISHA

  Author Name(s): Ajita Kumar Muni

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) :

 Pubished in Volume: 10  | Issue: 1  | Year: January 2023

 Volume: 10

 Issue: 1

 Pages: 66-80

 Year: January 2023

 Subject Area: Arts All

 Author type: Indian Author

 Downloads: 34

 Abstract

Mainly many forms of Folk theatre and Traditional folk theatre have been playing a vital role in the performing art mediums of Odisha since its ancient time to till today. It has been associated deeply with our life, livelihood, religion and our ritualistic tradition and working as a strong medium of entertainment as well as social reformation. But subsequently many changes have been occurred in these forms of traditional folk theatre arts due to the impact of Globalization and Post-modernism. Some of them had already been extinct and others are struggling to survive. So this study focused to identify the current status of Ghoda Nata in this decade of 21st century.


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 Keywords

Folk Theatre, Traditional Folk Theater, Natyasashtra, Kaibarta Gita, Kaibarta Purana, Panchasakha, Basheli, Chaitali Ghoda Nata, Kalpabata,Nandigana and Dhagadhamali.

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  Paper Title: FOOD AND HEALTH: A NATIVE WAY

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR23A1010
Published Paper URL: http://ijrar.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJRAR23A1010
Published Paper PDF: download.php?file=IJRAR23A1010
Published Paper PDF: http://www.ijrar.org/papers/IJRAR23A1010.pdf

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR23A1010

  Register Paper ID - 249416

  Title: FOOD AND HEALTH: A NATIVE WAY

  Author Name(s): DHARMVEER, Dr.sulochana Jangu, Philaror A Samshok

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) :

 Pubished in Volume: 10  | Issue: 1  | Year: January 2023

 Volume: 10

 Issue: 1

 Pages: 81-97

 Year: January 2023

 Subject Area: Life Sciences All

 Author type: Indian Author

 Downloads: 248

 Abstract

In the olden days, traditional practices like eating while sitting on the floor, eating breakfast early in the morning, washing hands before eating, cooking with earthen cookware, eating freshly prepared foods, eating with hands etc. were followed religiously until modernization and industrialization came and make a twist, more and more health problems are arising each day by day because of unhealthy lifestyle. People because of their busy schedule many time saving equipment, easy to cook Utensils, fast food are produced in mass. People unintentionally adapt these lifestyle but little did they know it could cause them many health problems. Including cancer ,hypertension, obesity, diabetes etc. An old proverb states: �Prevention is better than cure “many of health issues are related by having unhealthy conventional foods but we are also relieved to know that eating nutritious food can solve this problem. Traditional foods are known to be packed full of these nutrients and have many functions in our body. Traditional food has been passed on from generation to generation. It is a gift from Parramatta that not only provides strength to our body but soothes our soul and mind too. It has been valued since time immemorial because it defines the rich culture of one’s nationality. Apart from these, it is also more sustainable and environment friendly as it reduces the carbon footprint and eventually saving more energy to store and transport. Many of the world’s problems regarding food insecurity and malnutrition could be erased by adopting a traditional food system. Eating traditional crops like millet, jowar etc., helps control blood glucose levels, reduce migraine, heart attack, helps to lower cholesterol, prevent cardiovascular diseases, helps people suffering from celiac disease because of its gluten free property, etc. Traditional millet is eaten as roti, bread, porridge, snacks etc. As people became more educated, people started to realize the superior quality and its significance of eating local food in this modernized era and that is why local foods are in heavy demand presently.


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nutrition,food,health,native way

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  Paper Title: ADOPTION OF TECHNOLOGY ON THE ATTITUDE OF CONSUMERS IN BANKING SECTOR USING TAM MODEL

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR23A1011
Published Paper URL: http://ijrar.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJRAR23A1011
Published Paper PDF: download.php?file=IJRAR23A1011
Published Paper PDF: http://www.ijrar.org/papers/IJRAR23A1011.pdf

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR23A1011

  Register Paper ID - 258037

  Title: ADOPTION OF TECHNOLOGY ON THE ATTITUDE OF CONSUMERS IN BANKING SECTOR USING TAM MODEL

  Author Name(s): Dr.Monica Sainy, Dr. Tejaswini Singh

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) :

 Pubished in Volume: 10  | Issue: 1  | Year: January 2023

 Volume: 10

 Issue: 1

 Pages: 98-106

 Year: January 2023

 Subject Area: Management All

 Author type: Indian Author

 Downloads: 33

 Abstract

Banking services and technology are being used together since last 2 decades, but the pace with which technology being used in banking services has increased in last few years. The year 2020 marked with the global pandemic Covid 19 has accelerated the use of technology in banking services at a very high pace. This research paper aims at finding the impact of adoption of technology for banking services on the attitude of customers by utilizing the extended TAM model. Perceived usefulness (PU), Perceived ease of use (PEOU) and Perceived risk (PR) are used as three independent variables and attitude is used as independent variable. The effect of demographical variables such as gender and age are also seen on adoption of banking technology 101 responses were collected. The scale of Cheng et all (2006) and Feartherman and Pavlou (2003) was used to collect the responses. T-test, one way ANOVA and Linear Regression are used to analyse the data. The result shows that the effect of age and sex are insignificant in adoption of technology for online banking and the perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness and perceived risk shows the significant effect on the attitude of consumer in online banking.


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Adoption of technology, Attitude, TAM Model

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  Paper Title: INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY USE IN EDUCATION.

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR23A1012
Published Paper URL: http://ijrar.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJRAR23A1012
Published Paper PDF: download.php?file=IJRAR23A1012
Published Paper PDF: http://www.ijrar.org/papers/IJRAR23A1012.pdf

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR23A1012

  Register Paper ID - 258028

  Title: INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY USE IN EDUCATION.

  Author Name(s): Dr Gokul Shamrao Damre

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) :

 Pubished in Volume: 10  | Issue: 1  | Year: January 2023

 Volume: 10

 Issue: 1

 Pages: 107-115

 Year: January 2023

 Subject Area: Social Science All

 Author type: Indian Author

 Downloads: 47

 Abstract

The use of ICT in education provides itself to more students-centred learning settings and frequently this creates some pressures for teachers and students, but with the world moving rapidly into digital media and information. The responsibility of ICT in education is becoming more and more significant and consequence will continue to grow and extend into 21st century. As technology has created revolutionize in all aspects of the world, it is also changing our prospects of what students must learn in order to functions in the new world economy. Students will have to learn to pilot and navigate through large amounts of information, to analyze and make decisions, and become proficient with the new knowledge realms in an increasingly technological society. Students will need to be lifelong learners, collaborating with others in accomplishing complex tasks, and effectively using different systems for representing and communicating knowledge to others. A change from teacher-centered instruction to learner-centered instruction is required to facilitate students to attain the new knowledge and skills. In fact, learning is an individual or solitary process. Most of the students wanted to think themselves. They wanted to design and make things, to experiment and to engage in first-hand observation. They want to learn in collaboration with peers, teachers, parents, and others when they are actively engaged in meaningful, interesting tasks. For this purpose, ICT provide can opportunities for teachers and students to collaborate with others across the country and across the globe. They also provide new tools to support this collaborative learning in the classroom and online.


Licence: creative commons attribution 4.0

  License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 and The Open Definition

 Keywords

ICT Use in Related to Teacher, Students & School Education

  License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 and The Open Definition

IJRAR.ORG


ISSN
E-ISSN 2348-1269,
P- ISSN 2349-5138
UGC ISSN APPROVED
Journal Starting Year (ESTD) : 2014
ISSN
ISSN
IJRAR.ORG


ISSN
E-ISSN 2348-1269,
P- ISSN 2349-5138
UGC ISSN APPROVED
Journal Starting Year (ESTD) : 2014
ISSN
ISSN
DOI Details

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