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International Journal of Research and Analytical Reviews (IJRAR)

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E-ISSN 2348-1269, P- ISSN 2349-5138 | ESTD Year: 2014

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  Paper Title  

THE EFFECT AND CAUSES OF PROTEIN ENERGY MALNUTRITION ON PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN IN BIHAR

  Authors

  Dr. Jayashree

  Keywords

Weaning , Food, Nutrition, Health, children.

  Abstract


Pre-school children are one of the most nutritionally vulnerable segments of the population. Nutrition during the first five years has an impact not only on growth and morbidity during childhood, but also acts as a determinant of nutritional status in adolescent and adult life. A recent appraisal of diet and nutrition situation in rural India by National nutrition Monitoring Bureau revealed that about 45% of the pre-school children are undernourished (weight for age <75% of standard) while about 62% are stunted (height for age< median 2-sd of standard) . About 47% of the adults had chronic energy Deficiency (CED, BMI <18.5). The objective of this study was to Know the socio-demographic features of the sample respondents, Record the food and nutrient intake of the respondents and compare the same with the available recommended dietary allowances (RDA) and Nutritional status of the Preschoolers. It was a cross sectional study carried out in rural areas of Muzaffarpur District, Bihar. 200 children were selected randomly for the study. The study was designed to include all eligible aged 1-5 years old children. Mothers of children were interviewed to get the necessary information. Weaning practices and food consumption of the subjects was assessed using a 3-day 24-hour Dietary recall method. Nutritional intake was compared with Indian council of Medical Research Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA-2010) and Nutritional status assessed by Indian Academy of Paediatrics (IAP) classification. The study reveals that complementary feeding practices were inappropriate and the kind of food offered to pre-school children needs to be improved for future health prospects since this is the period in which there is a higher prevalence of malnutrition and deficiency of certain micronutrients.

  Cite this article

  Dr. Jayashree ,   "THE EFFECT AND CAUSES OF PROTEIN ENERGY MALNUTRITION ON PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN IN BIHAR", IJRAR - International Journal of Research and Analytical Reviews (IJRAR), E-ISSN 2348-1269, P- ISSN 2349-5138, Volume.1, Issue 2, Page No pp.880-885, June 2014, Available at : http://www.ijrar.org/IJRAR19D1774.pdf  

  IJRAR's Publication Details

  Unique Identification Number - IJRAR19D1774

  Paper ID - 226207

  Page Number(s) - 880-885

  Pubished in - Volume 1 | Issue 2 | June 2014

  DOI (Digital Object Identifier) -   

  Publisher Name - IJRAR | www.ijrar.org | E-ISSN 2348-1269, P- ISSN 2349-5138

  E-ISSN 2348-1269, P- ISSN 2349-5138

  Cite this article

  Dr. Jayashree ,   "THE EFFECT AND CAUSES OF PROTEIN ENERGY MALNUTRITION ON PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN IN BIHAR", IJRAR - International Journal of Research and Analytical Reviews (IJRAR), E-ISSN 2348-1269, P- ISSN 2349-5138, Volume.1, Issue 2, Page No pp.880-885, June 2014, Available at : http://www.ijrar.org/IJRAR19D1774.pdf

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