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The INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RESEARCH AND ANALYTICAL REVIEWS (IJRAR) aims to explore advances in research pertaining to applied, theoretical and experimental Technological studies. The goal is to promote scientific information interchange between researchers, developers, engineers, students, and practitioners working in and around the world.


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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RESEARCH AND ANALYTICAL REVIEWS (IJRAR)
E-ISSN 2348-1269, P- ISSN 2349-5138 | Impact factor: 7.17 | ESTD Year: 2014 | UGC and ISSN Approved. | Provide DOI and Hard copy of Certificate.
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Call For Paper (Volume 9 | Issue 1 | Month- January 2022)

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Volume 9 | Issue 1

  Paper Title: A HISTORICAL REVIEW OF THE INTEGRATION OF PRINCELY STATES IN INDIA

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR22A1001
Published Paper URL: http://ijrar.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJRAR22A1001
Published Paper PDF: download.php?file=IJRAR22A1001
Published Paper PDF: http://www.ijrar.org/papers/IJRAR22A1001.pdf

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR22A1001

  Register Paper ID - 241343

  Title: A HISTORICAL REVIEW OF THE INTEGRATION OF PRINCELY STATES IN INDIA

  Author Name(s): Vikas

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) :

 Pubished in Volume: 9  | Issue: 1  | Year: January 2022

 Volume: 9

 Issue: 1

 Pages: 1-7

 Year: January 2022

 Subject Area: Science and Technology

 Author type: Indian Author

 Downloads: 80

 Abstract

It is a well-known fact that India gained its independence from the British on 15th of August 1947. However, the celebration was short lived as it faced challenges in the form of communal riots and refugee crisis. There challenges threatened to fragment the country. Moreover, there was no instrument like the Marshall Plan to cope up with it. At that time, around 562 princely states existed with each state having their own ruling princes and families. This was a mammoth task to convince the head of the respective states to merge in India. As each one of them had a choice to go to either country. However this task was completed in a time span of less than two years and can be called nothing short of a miracle. What is more remarkable is that the entire process was peaceful barring a few exceptions like Hyderabad and Jammu and Kashmir. This is in contrast to the rise of states like China and Russia. The present research paper makes a review of the process of integration of some of the major princely states.


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 Keywords

Princely States, Integration, Partition, Refugees, Annexation, Colonial Rule.

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  Paper Title: MARKETING MANAGEMENT IN INDIA

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR22A1002
Published Paper URL: http://ijrar.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJRAR22A1002
Published Paper PDF: download.php?file=IJRAR22A1002
Published Paper PDF: http://www.ijrar.org/papers/IJRAR22A1002.pdf

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR22A1002

  Register Paper ID - 241423

  Title: MARKETING MANAGEMENT IN INDIA

  Author Name(s): Dr. Janak Singh Kushwah

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) :

 Pubished in Volume: 9  | Issue: 1  | Year: January 2022

 Volume: 9

 Issue: 1

 Pages: 8-11

 Year: January 2022

 Subject Area: Science and Technology

 Author type: Indian Author

 Downloads: 62

 Abstract


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MARKETING MANAGEMENT IN INDIA

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  Paper Title: PROBLEM PERCEIVED IN INCLUSIVE EDUCATION BY RURAL MALE AND FEMALE PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR22A1003
Published Paper URL: http://ijrar.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJRAR22A1003
Published Paper PDF: download.php?file=IJRAR22A1003
Published Paper PDF: http://www.ijrar.org/papers/IJRAR22A1003.pdf

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR22A1003

  Register Paper ID - 241393

  Title: PROBLEM PERCEIVED IN INCLUSIVE EDUCATION BY RURAL MALE AND FEMALE PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS

  Author Name(s): Kavita Badola, Dr. Anju Agarwal, Dr. Yash Pal Singh

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) :

 Pubished in Volume: 9  | Issue: 1  | Year: January 2022

 Volume: 9

 Issue: 1

 Pages: 12-18

 Year: January 2022

 Subject Area: Science and Technology

 Author type: Indian Author

 Downloads: 61

 Abstract

This paper describes regarding the problems perceived by Government primary school teachers in inclusive setting at primary level. Inclusive education is a new tactic and philosophy to assist the children with disabilities under one roof without any discrimination with children without disabilities, which give a humanitarian sight of togetherness regardless of their strength and weaknesses in any sphere, and tries to bring equality and equity within potential of each and every child. This paper reveals problem faced by government primary school teachers in rural areas in inclusive setting, while dealing with the new perspective of education. The sample of the present study consists of teachers of government primary schools of Uttarakhand. The Data was collected with the help of questionnaire made by the research scholar herself.


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Inclusive education, problems perceived, children with special needs.

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  Paper Title: COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF PI,PID AND FOPID FOR PMDCM SPEED CONTROL

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR22A1004
Published Paper URL: http://ijrar.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJRAR22A1004
Published Paper PDF: download.php?file=IJRAR22A1004
Published Paper PDF: http://www.ijrar.org/papers/IJRAR22A1004.pdf

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR22A1004

  Register Paper ID - 241456

  Title: COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF PI,PID AND FOPID FOR PMDCM SPEED CONTROL

  Author Name(s): DIKSHA, PRAVEEN KUMAR, Prof. Pankaj Rai

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) :

 Pubished in Volume: 9  | Issue: 1  | Year: January 2022

 Volume: 9

 Issue: 1

 Pages: 19-24

 Year: January 2022

 Subject Area: Science and Technology

 Author type: Indian Author

 Downloads: 44

 Abstract

One of the central problem in a control theory is related to design of the improvement of system performance .The aim of this paper is to provide comparative analysis using PI,PID and FOPID controller in order to optimal regular the speed of a permanent magnet direct current motor. In Proportion Integral (PI) Evolutionary Multi-objective Non Dominated Particle Swarn Optimization (NPSO) algorithm is used while optimal tuning of PID controller gain is based on Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) technique using Integral Time Squared Error (ITES) Performance index and The FOPID controller parameters (gain and order ) using Particle Swarn Optimization ( PSO) technique to tune the speed regulator in the permanent Magnet DC (PMDC) motor drive system . The controlling process of PMDC motor is difficult and mathematically tedious because of non-linearity property .The simulation and practice result show that the FOPID controller has more advantage over other tuning method , which they simulated by using MATLAB/Simulink


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 Keywords

PMDC ( Permanent magnet DC) Motor, Non Dominated Particle Swarn Optimization (NPSO), Particle Swarm optimization (PSO), PI,PID,FOPID

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  Paper Title: EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION ON ABRASION, CHLORINE PENETRATION AND COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF CONTROLLED AND STEEL SLAG MIXED CONCRETE

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR22A1005
Published Paper URL: http://ijrar.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJRAR22A1005
Published Paper PDF: download.php?file=IJRAR22A1005
Published Paper PDF: http://www.ijrar.org/papers/IJRAR22A1005.pdf

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR22A1005

  Register Paper ID - 241441

  Title: EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION ON ABRASION, CHLORINE PENETRATION AND COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF CONTROLLED AND STEEL SLAG MIXED CONCRETE

  Author Name(s): Yuvraj Rajesh Patil

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) : http://doi.one/10.1729/Journal.28854

 Pubished in Volume: 9  | Issue: 1  | Year: January 2022

 Volume: 9

 Issue: 1

 Pages: 25-35

 Year: January 2022

 Subject Area: Science and Technology

 Author type: Indian Author

 Downloads: 36

 Abstract

The most common cause of concrete deterioration is surface abrasion. Abrasion, which causes structural cracks and reinforcement corrosion, can act as a catalyst for structural failures. The compressive strength and quality grading of the concrete are reflected in the abrasion of the concrete surface. The goal of this study is to look into the relationship between abrasion, compressive strength, and concrete quality grading. The concrete's mechanical characteristics, quality grading, and abrasion were assessed using the sand blasting abrasion testing (IS 516), ultrasonic pulse velocity (IS 13311), and compressive strength (IS 516).9284) and 9284), respectively. Compressive strength and ultrasonic pulse velocity both increased abrasion resistance. Also the chlorine affected the properties of the concrete mix. It was found that concrete with greater quality grading, sound microstructure, and abrasion resistance had higher quality grading, sound microstructure, and abrasion resistance. Abrasion resistance is improved by combining compressive strength with the application of a super-plasticizer.


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Cracks, Chlorine, compressive, abrasion, sand

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  Paper Title: BHARAT ME SAMAJIK PARIVARTAN MAHATMA GANDHI AVAM UNKE ANUYAYI

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR22A1006
Published Paper URL: http://ijrar.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJRAR22A1006
Published Paper PDF: download.php?file=IJRAR22A1006
Published Paper PDF: http://www.ijrar.org/papers/IJRAR22A1006.pdf

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR22A1006

  Register Paper ID - 241479

  Title: BHARAT ME SAMAJIK PARIVARTAN MAHATMA GANDHI AVAM UNKE ANUYAYI

  Author Name(s): Dr. Lokesh Kumar Narwal

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) :

 Pubished in Volume: 9  | Issue: 1  | Year: January 2022

 Volume: 9

 Issue: 1

 Pages: 36-39

 Year: January 2022

 Subject Area: Science and Technology

 Author type: Indian Author

 Downloads: 33

 Abstract

भारत में सामाजिक परिवर्तन :महात्मा गाँधी एवं उनके अनुयायी


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भारत में सामाजिक परिवर्तन :महात्मा गाँधी एवं उनके अनुयायी

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  Paper Title: FACEMASK DETECTION USING OPENCV AND MACHINE LEARNING

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR22A1007
Published Paper URL: http://ijrar.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJRAR22A1007
Published Paper PDF: download.php?file=IJRAR22A1007
Published Paper PDF: http://www.ijrar.org/papers/IJRAR22A1007.pdf

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR22A1007

  Register Paper ID - 241464

  Title: FACEMASK DETECTION USING OPENCV AND MACHINE LEARNING

  Author Name(s): Mr. Brajesh Kumar Singh, Abhishek Dadhwal, Shashikant Tomar

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) :

 Pubished in Volume: 9  | Issue: 1  | Year: January 2022

 Volume: 9

 Issue: 1

 Pages: 40-44

 Year: January 2022

 Subject Area: Science and Technology

 Author type: Indian Author

 Downloads: 43

 Abstract

In late of 2019, a new disease COVID-19 caused by the viral group SARS COV-2, was reported in Wuhan, China. It came in India in early 2020. The disease cause lungs damage and hence oxygen deficiency in an individual. It spread through inhaling the water droplet by an infected person to another. Modern connected world made this virus to spread globally in no time. The World Health Organization (WHO) made everyone to wear mask during outside interactions and meetings. Studies shows that wearing mask can reduce the virus transmission to 96%. In this project, we have made a face mask detection model using open CV and Machine Learning which help in the recognition of persons wearing face masks and differentiate with faces not wearing masks. This model also depicts the percentage of necessary area covered by the face mask. Further the accuracy of the model is also tested in real time and also, we have compared the results of 3-4 models to conclude about the most accurate model for detecting face mask.


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covid-19, face masks detection, open CV, computer vision, machine learning.

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  Paper Title: ADVOCATES PERCEPTION ON REFERRAL OF CASES THROUGH ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR22A1008
Published Paper URL: http://ijrar.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJRAR22A1008
Published Paper PDF: download.php?file=IJRAR22A1008
Published Paper PDF: http://www.ijrar.org/papers/IJRAR22A1008.pdf

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR22A1008

  Register Paper ID - 241425

  Title: ADVOCATES PERCEPTION ON REFERRAL OF CASES THROUGH ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION

  Author Name(s): Shobhit Agrawal

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) :

 Pubished in Volume: 9  | Issue: 1  | Year: January 2022

 Volume: 9

 Issue: 1

 Pages: 45-49

 Year: January 2022

 Subject Area: Science and Technology

 Author type: Indian Author

 Downloads: 23

 Abstract


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ADVOCATES PERCEPTION ON REFERRAL OF CASES THROUGH ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION

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  Paper Title: KARAMADIKARAKESHU KARAKANTARAVIVAKSHA

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR22A1009
Published Paper URL: http://ijrar.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJRAR22A1009
Published Paper PDF: download.php?file=IJRAR22A1009
Published Paper PDF: http://www.ijrar.org/papers/IJRAR22A1009.pdf

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR22A1009

  Register Paper ID - 241467

  Title: KARAMADIKARAKESHU KARAKANTARAVIVAKSHA

  Author Name(s): Pradip Mandal

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) :

 Pubished in Volume: 9  | Issue: 1  | Year: January 2022

 Volume: 9

 Issue: 1

 Pages: 50-56

 Year: January 2022

 Subject Area: Science and Technology

 Author type: Indian Author

 Downloads: 32

 Abstract

KAMARDIKARAKESHU KARAKANTARAVIVAKSHA


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KAMARDIKARAKESHU KARAKANTARAVIVAKSHA

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  Paper Title: A FOLLOW-UP STUDY ON THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS OF THE PARTICULARLY VULNERABLE TRIBAL GROUPS IN MALAPPURAM DISTRICT

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR22A1010
Published Paper URL: http://ijrar.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJRAR22A1010
Published Paper PDF: download.php?file=IJRAR22A1010
Published Paper PDF: http://www.ijrar.org/papers/IJRAR22A1010.pdf

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR22A1010

  Register Paper ID - 241370

  Title: A FOLLOW-UP STUDY ON THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS OF THE PARTICULARLY VULNERABLE TRIBAL GROUPS IN MALAPPURAM DISTRICT

  Author Name(s): Sadeesh Arangodan, Anil Kumar K

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) :

 Pubished in Volume: 9  | Issue: 1  | Year: January 2022

 Volume: 9

 Issue: 1

 Pages: 57-68

 Year: January 2022

 Subject Area: Medical Science All

 Author type: Indian Author

 Downloads: 35

 Abstract


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Particularly Vulnerable Tribes, Cholanaikkan, Kattunaikkan, Kadar, Kurumba, Koragas, Ashram School, Education, Socio-economic Status

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  Paper Title: JUXTAPOSITION OF OBSCENITY LAWS IN INDIA AND U.S.A.

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR22A1011
Published Paper URL: http://ijrar.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJRAR22A1011
Published Paper PDF: download.php?file=IJRAR22A1011
Published Paper PDF: http://www.ijrar.org/papers/IJRAR22A1011.pdf

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR22A1011

  Register Paper ID - 241197

  Title: JUXTAPOSITION OF OBSCENITY LAWS IN INDIA AND U.S.A.

  Author Name(s): Dr. Govind Singh Rajpurohit, Dr. Disha Bangarva

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) :

 Pubished in Volume: 9  | Issue: 1  | Year: January 2022

 Volume: 9

 Issue: 1

 Pages: 69-75

 Year: January 2022

 Subject Area: Science and Technology

 Author type: Indian Author

 Downloads: 63

 Abstract


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JUXTAPOSITION OF OBSCENITY LAWS IN INDIA AND U.S.A.

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  Paper Title: A STUDY ON FUEL CELL TECNOLOGY

  Publisher Journal Name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRAR22A1012
Published Paper URL: http://ijrar.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJRAR22A1012
Published Paper PDF: download.php?file=IJRAR22A1012
Published Paper PDF: http://www.ijrar.org/papers/IJRAR22A1012.pdf

  Your Paper Publication Details:

  Published Paper ID: - IJRAR22A1012

  Register Paper ID - 241180

  Title: A STUDY ON FUEL CELL TECNOLOGY

  Author Name(s): Ajinkya Deshpande

 Publisher Journal name: IJRAR, IJPUBLICATION

 DOI (Digital Object Identifier) :

 Pubished in Volume: 9  | Issue: 1  | Year: January 2022

 Volume: 9

 Issue: 1

 Pages: 76-83

 Year: January 2022

 Subject Area: Science and Technology

 Author type: Indian Author

 Downloads: 63

 Abstract


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Hydr?gen, zer?-emissi?n, b?ttery-??er?ted devi?e.

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IJRAR.ORG


ISSN
E-ISSN 2348-1269,
P- ISSN 2349-5138
UGC ISSN APPROVED
Journal Starting Year (ESTD) : 2014
ISSN
ISSN
IJRAR.ORG


ISSN
E-ISSN 2348-1269,
P- ISSN 2349-5138
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Journal Starting Year (ESTD) : 2014
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