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Published Thesis

  Thesis Title: WATER QUALITY STUDIES IN URBAN LAKES

  Publisher Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRARTH00025

  Your Thesis Publication Details:

  Published Thesis ID: - IJRARTH00025

  Register Thesis ID - 253722

  Title: WATER QUALITY STUDIES IN URBAN LAKES

  Author Name(s): Ravi Jadi, Mahantesh Kodli, Dr. S. Rama Subramoniam, Mr. Ramchandra Hebbar

 Pages: 610-647

 Year: September 2022

 Downloads: 27

 Abstract

Water is the second most significant requirement for life to exist after air. Accordingly, water quality has been depicted broadly in the logical writing. The most well-known meaning of water quality is "it is the physical, chemical, and biological parameter of water". This work undertaken as a water quality studies in urban lakes project to investigate the use of remote sensing in water quality studies. The lakes of study were chosen based on analyzing weightage ranking method. Among them polluted lakes were considered for the study. The main objective of the study is to Estimation of water quality parameters using satellite image and lab analysis. The water quality parameters are Turbidity (TU), Total suspended solids (TSS), pH, and Dissolved oxygen (DO). These parameters can indicate water quality of lakes and shows the distribution of pollutants. The project period at RRSC-South was from May � September 2022. The first part of this study involve the Prioritization of Bengaluru urban lakes for study of water quality, The selection of lakes was done by applying weightage ranking method. Also water samples were collected during field visit, lab analysis also done for collected samples with standard method. Then in second part of the study is selection of best band indexing from sentinel 2A MSI satellite image. In this part different band indexing were applied with lab analysis of each quality parameters to get best fit linear regression model, after getting suitable regression model water quality parameter estimated. Then RMSE, BIAS, MAPD are calculated and mapping done for each estimated Water quality parameters. So in this study by using Sentinel 2A MSI satellite image, Turbidity and Total suspended solid gives less than 60% accuracy, for pH and Dissolved oxygen gives more than 80% accuracy. As per this study sentinel 2A MSI satellite image is the suitable for the estimation of pH and Dissolved oxygen.


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Keywords: Water Quality, Band Index, Statistical Models, Regression Analysis, Reflectance, Sentinel-2 MSI.

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  Thesis Title: LULC CLASSIFICATION BY SENTINEL-2B DATA USING MACHINE LEARNING TECHNIQUES IN VIRAJPET TALUK

  Publisher Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRARTH00024

  Your Thesis Publication Details:

  Published Thesis ID: - IJRARTH00024

  Register Thesis ID - 253723

  Title: LULC CLASSIFICATION BY SENTINEL-2B DATA USING MACHINE LEARNING TECHNIQUES IN VIRAJPET TALUK

  Author Name(s): Ravi Jadi, Souparnika H Koppal, Smt. Shivam Trivedi, Mr. Ramchandra Hebbar

 Pages: 576-609

 Year: September 2022

 Downloads: 27

 Abstract

Vegetation extraction from remote sensing imagery is the process of extracting vegetation information by interpreting satellite images based on the interpretation elements such as the image colour, texture, tone, pattern and association information. The vegetation maps are critical for understanding biodiversity management and planning from local to global scales. There are two essential elements of vegetation maps that are based on classification of vegetation and spatial attribution of that classification. The difference between these vegetation cover can be done with using remote sensing and GIS. Remote sensing classification is an essential technique for mapping forest vegetation attributes like floristic composition, biomass, tree density etc. that addresses the considerable logistical challenge of measuring, mapping and monitoring across very large areas in an accurate, repeatable and cost-effective way. The most basic method is identifying plant communities or species is to create a vegetation map. Machine learning (ML) is a subdivision of artificial intelligence in which the machine learns from machine-readable data and information. It uses data, learns the pattern and predicts the new outcomes. Its popularity is growing because it helps to understand the trend and provides a solution that can be either a model or a product. This study is carried out to perform various machine learning algorithms for vegetation classification using remote sensing and ancillary spatial data across a heterogenous forest ecosystem in Virajpet Taluk, Kodagu district. The recently developed sentinel-2 satellite imagery holds great potential for improving the vegetation type classification at medium to large scales due to the concurrent availability of multispectral bands with high spatial resolution and quick revisit time. A study is classifying using Supervised classification, a type of machine learning technique. To perform the supervised classification, training samples have been generated using ARCGIS to run the spatial model in ERDAS software. The machine learning algorithm such as support vector machine (SVM), Random Forest (RF), k-Nearest Neighbour (k-NN), Navies Bayes and CART were used to classify. In terms of classification accuracy, a combination of these parameters was tested: The number of trees (NT), the variables per split (VPS) and the Bag Fraction (BF). Thus, this studies key contribution is classification of vegetation types and how the ML techniques are an efficient approach to map different land use and land cover classes, including different vegetation types and demonstrated that some algorithms perform this task with higher accuracy than the others. In our investigation, the RF algorithm chieved satisfactory results when compared with others and characterized with more accurate rate and less error rate.


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keywords: Multispectral bands, Random Forest, Machine Learning, SVM, Forest Classification.

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  Thesis Title: PROGRAM MANAGEMENT IN AEROSPACE INDUSTRY

  Publisher Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRARTH00023

  Your Thesis Publication Details:

  Published Thesis ID: - IJRARTH00023

  Register Thesis ID - 253752

  Title: PROGRAM MANAGEMENT IN AEROSPACE INDUSTRY

  Author Name(s): D.Suresh, A.Sivakumar, R.Arivazhagan, V.Ramakrishnan, R.Alexander

 Pages: 516-575

 Year: September 2022

 Downloads: 22

 Abstract

This paper describes Program Management activities in an aerospace industry is consolidated in the form of a document which happened during operational phase of a project. Proposal for workflow of Program management is also represented in this paper.


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Program management

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  Thesis Title: IS INDIA A DEMOCRACY ? A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF INDIA’S FIRST PAST THE POST SYSTEM

  Publisher Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRARTH00022

  Your Thesis Publication Details:

  Published Thesis ID: - IJRARTH00022

  Register Thesis ID - 251678

  Title: IS INDIA A DEMOCRACY ? A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF INDIA’S FIRST PAST THE POST SYSTEM

  Author Name(s): Nikhil Borwankar

 Pages: 468-515

 Year: July 2022

 Downloads: 60

 Abstract

The widespread, colloquial understanding of the term �democracy� is �rule by majority�. So when was the last time any ruling party in India won a national �majority�? Never. Rule 64 of the Conduct of Election Rules, 1961, mandates that the winner of an election to a Parliamentary Constituency in the Lok Sabha shall be �the candidate with the most votes�. That is, a candidate with the �plurality� of votes is elected, which is distinct from a �major- ity� (50%+). This system of voting is colloquially referred to as �First Past the Post� (FPP). However, a significant number of candidates/parties fail to secure a true majority (50%+1) of votes even at the constituency level. Thus, a �majority� in Parliament is actually merely the aggregation of this constituency-level �plurality�. It does not constitute a majority of the overall votes polled at either the constituency level or the national level. On average, 51% of all constituencies in all general elections since 1962 returned candidates who did not secure a majority (50%+) of the votes in their own constituencies. Thus, constituencies have rou- tinely come to be represented by MP�s who were, themselves, not chosen by the majority. Or worse, rejected by the majority. Apart from the fact that FPP yields disproportionate results, the system also- - favours established political parties, - engenders corrupt practices - encourages �strategic voting� - incentivises divisive identity politics; - is incurably biased, - is prone to results that are unjustifiably incommensurate with the vote distribution - frequently �wastes� two thirds of the total vote. FPP infringes the fundamental right of freedom of expression through the ballot, impedes the constitutional right to effective representation and violates the cardinal principle of democ- racy, �rule by majority�. In so doing, FPP (Rule 64) is ultra vires Art.13, 14, 19(1)(a) and 21 of the Constitution of India.


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Public Choice, Plurality, Majority, Representation

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  Thesis Title: MEMBRANES, MEMBRANES PHENOMENA AND APPLICATIONS -A REVIEW

  Publisher Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRARTH00021

  Your Thesis Publication Details:

  Published Thesis ID: - IJRARTH00021

  Register Thesis ID - 253256

  Title: MEMBRANES, MEMBRANES PHENOMENA AND APPLICATIONS -A REVIEW

  Author Name(s): Vinita Srivastava, Sunil Kumar Mishra, Udai Pratap Singh, Swinder jeet Singh Kalra, Rajat Kumar ,Lokesh Sexana ,Rajesh Kumar

 Pages: 403-467

 Year: September 2022

 Downloads: 36

 Abstract

This Paper deals some generalized concepts on membrane behavior. Membrane classification and classification based on pore size are mentioned. Transport through the membrane is arranged in terms of active transport, passive transport, facilitated diffusion etc. Transport process driven by concentration gradient is cited with ion transport and concentration. A short accounts of Ultrafiltration, /Reverse-Osmosis, Nanofiltration processes are given. Factor affecting transport across membranes, membrane-solutioninteraction, time dependent flux, the concentration polarization, and mass transfer coefficient are discussed. Diffusion potential and applications of the membrane are included in this chapter. Various membrane processes, e.g. electrodialysis, piezodialysis, hemodialysis etc. are cited in this chapter. Polymers/ resins used for the membrane preparation are also mentioned.


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Membranes,Transport

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  Thesis Title: ATTITUDE AND BELIEF TOWARDS PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND EXERCISE IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC LOW BACK PAIN A LITERATURE REVIEW

  Publisher Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRARTH00020

  Your Thesis Publication Details:

  Published Thesis ID: - IJRARTH00020

  Register Thesis ID - 252307

  Title: ATTITUDE AND BELIEF TOWARDS PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND EXERCISE IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC LOW BACK PAIN A LITERATURE REVIEW

  Author Name(s): Dr. Vibhuti Panchal, Dr. Jeel Patel, Dr. Rima Pandya, Dr. Arvindkumar Chauhan

 Pages: 360-402

 Year: August 2022

 Downloads: 44

 Abstract

BACKGROUND: The chronic pain is define as the chronic lower back pain is established by the persistence of pain beyond 3 month of symptoms. The reason for chronic low back pain are multi factorial which include reduce physical activity, food habit, occupation, under lying disease. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the attitude and beliefs regarding physical activity and Exercise in patients who are suffering from chronic low back pain. METHOD: For this literature review, we used standard search strategies involving to quarrying of online data based MEDLINE (Pub med), Google scholar, Sci-hub and PEDRO using key words followed by evaluation of the relevant articles. we used key words �Chronic low back pain�, �Attitude and belief towards physical activity and exercise�. RESULT : We have reviewed 25 articles to understand the attitude and belief towards physical activity and exercise in patient with chronic low back pain. The people those who are having chronic low back pain are less active than the normal individual because chronic pain bother them to performed there physical activity. CONCLUSION: : Majority of available literature review suggest that patient with chronic low back pain often present dysfunctional beliefs and attitude in relation to pain. A large population subjects believed that they need to protect their back to prevent injury: Which shows that this belief may result in reduce confidence to use the back and contribute to fear avoidance.


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Chroniclowbackpain�,�Attitudeandbelieftowardsphysicalactivity and exercise

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  Thesis Title: THE EFFECTS OF LOW-IMPACT AEROBIC EXERCISE AND ZUMBA DANCE ON BODY FAT PERCENTAGE IN PATIENTS WITH OBESITY-A COMPARATIVE STUDY

  Publisher Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRARTH00019

  Your Thesis Publication Details:

  Published Thesis ID: - IJRARTH00019

  Register Thesis ID - 252022

  Title: THE EFFECTS OF LOW-IMPACT AEROBIC EXERCISE AND ZUMBA DANCE ON BODY FAT PERCENTAGE IN PATIENTS WITH OBESITY-A COMPARATIVE STUDY

  Author Name(s): Zala Nidhiba Mahendrasinh, Dr. Rima Pandya, Dr. Arvind Chauhan

 Pages: 322-358

 Year: August 2022

 Downloads: 49

 Abstract

Background: Obesity is a complex disease involving an excessive amount of body fat. Obesity Isn’t just a cosmetic concern. An obese patient is at risk of developing diseases such as: Coronary heart disease , High blood pressure, Heart failure, Diabetes mellitus, Stroke, Body fat abnormalities, Metabolic syndrome, Menstrual issues, leading to infertility, osteoarthritis, and hypoxemia. Zumba is a fitness program that involves cardio and Latin-inspired dance. Zumba choreography is composed using all or some of sixteen core steps. There are four basic rhythms: salsa, reggaeton, merengue, and cumbia each basic rhythm has four core steps. Aerobic exercise is any type of cardiovascular conditioning. It can include activities like brisk walking, swimming, running, or cycling. Your breathing and heart rate will increase during aerobic activities. Methology: It is a comparative study with pre-test and post-test design. 30 subjects in between the age of 25 to 40 years with obesity were allocated into two different groups. The body mass index (BMI) was evaluated before and after the test. All the participants performed low-impact aerobic exercise and zumba dance for 4 weeks. Result: At the end of the study, the BMI mean and SD of group1 is 19.512 and 1.839 respectively, whereas the mean BMI and SD of group 2 is 21.158 and 1.727 respectively, and their difference mean BMI and SD is 2.006 and 0.112 respectively. Conclusion: At the end of the study, it has been concluded that low-impact aerobic exercise is more effective than Zumba dance on body fat percentage in patients with obesity.


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Zumba, aerobic exercise, obesity

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  Thesis Title: EFFECTIVENESS OF MUSCLE ENERGY TECHNIQUE VERSUS STATIC STRETCHING IN SUBJECT WITH TIGHT PIRIFORMIS IN MALE OFFICE GOING SUBJECTS: A RANDOMIZED CLINICAL TRIAL

  Publisher Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRARTH00018

  Your Thesis Publication Details:

  Published Thesis ID: - IJRARTH00018

  Register Thesis ID - 251719

  Title: EFFECTIVENESS OF MUSCLE ENERGY TECHNIQUE VERSUS STATIC STRETCHING IN SUBJECT WITH TIGHT PIRIFORMIS IN MALE OFFICE GOING SUBJECTS: A RANDOMIZED CLINICAL TRIAL

  Author Name(s): Sumeet Roy, Nirali Solanki

 Pages: 295-321

 Year: August 2022

 Downloads: 54

 Abstract

TITLE: EFFECTIVENESS OF MUSCLE ENERGY TECHNIQUE VERSUS STATIC STRETCHING IN SUBJECT WITH TIGHT PIRIFORMIS IN MALE OFFICE GOING SUBJECTS: A RANDOMIZED CLINICAL TRIAL. BACKGROUND: Piriformis tightness is an uncommon problem within our society affecting individual�s physical and social functioning and interfering sufferer�s daily activities. The tightness is very difficult to diagnose in an early period due to lack to symptoms. But this leads to reduction of ROM and affects flexibility. If not diagnose earlier than it may exacerbate to Pirifromis Syndrome. This study is helpful for both diagnosis of Pirifromis tightness and to release the tightened structures using MET and Static Stretching. METHODOLOGY: Subjects will be selected based on the inclusion criteria from various hospitals of Ahmedabad. LEFS will be used to determine the present condition of the subjects. Then the subjects will be divided into 2 groups using convenience sampling method. Group A comprised of 15 subjects will be given MET for 4 weeks, 7 sessions per week with 10-15 minutes of treatment time. Group B comprised of 15 subjects will be given Static stretching for 4 weeks, 7 sessions per week with 10-15 minutes of treatment time. RESULT: On comparing the Mean values of Group A & Group B on ROM & LEFS, group A showed a highly significant difference in Mean values at P < 0.001. CONCLUSIONS: The study reveals that Muscle Energy Technique is more effective comparing to Static Stretching for subjects with tight piriformis muscle.


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Piriformis syndrome, Visual Analog Scale (VAS), Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS), Muscle energy techniques (MET), static stretching

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  Thesis Title: ACUTE EFFECT OF SCAPULAR PROPRIOCEPTIVE NEUROMUSCULAR FACILITATIONS TECHNIQUE VERSUS CLASSIC SHOULDER EXERCISES IN ADHESIVE CAPSULITIS

  Publisher Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRARTH00017

  Your Thesis Publication Details:

  Published Thesis ID: - IJRARTH00017

  Register Thesis ID - 251673

  Title: ACUTE EFFECT OF SCAPULAR PROPRIOCEPTIVE NEUROMUSCULAR FACILITATIONS TECHNIQUE VERSUS CLASSIC SHOULDER EXERCISES IN ADHESIVE CAPSULITIS

  Author Name(s): VAGHELA AJAYDEEPSINH MAHESHBHAI, SHIVAM ACHARYA, ARVIND CHAUHAN

 Pages: 259-294

 Year: July 2022

 Downloads: 65

 Abstract

ABSTRACT TITLE: ACUTE EFFECT OF SCAPULAR PROPRIOCEPTIVE NEUROMUSCULAR FACILITATIONS TECHNIQUE VERSUS CLASSIC SHOULDER EXERCISES IN ADHESIVE CAPSULITIS BACKGROUND: Frozen Shoulder Is An Idiopathic Diseases Characterized By Fibrosis, Decrease Volume Of The Glenoid Capsule, And Progressive Pain With Loss Of ROM. SCAPULAR PNF TECHNQUES : PNF Is A Treatment Concept With Four Theoretical Mechanisms, Referred To As Autogenic Inhibition, Reciprocal Inhibition, Stress Relaxation, And The Gate Control Theory, That Enhance ROM And Muscle Activation. PNF Has An Positive Effect On Pain, Muscle Strength. CLASSIC SHOULDER EXERCIES : ? Strengthening exercises : � Codman Pendulum exercises. � Wand ( stick ) exercises. � Pulley exercises. � Finger walk. � Resisted Exercise With Theraband � OBJECTIVES: � To Determine The Acute Effect Of Scapular PNF Techniques With Tens In Patients With Adhesive Capsulitis. � To Determine The Acute Effect Of Classic Shoulder Exercises With Tens In Patients With Frozen Shoulder. � To Compare The Acute Effect Between The Scapular PNF Techniques With Tens And Classic Shoulder Exercises With Tens In Patients With Adhesive Capsulitis.


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AC: Adhesive Capsulitis ROM: Range Of Motion GH: Glenohumeral PNF: Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Function VAS: Visual Analogue Scale LSST: Lateral Scapular Slide Test

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  Thesis Title: INCREASED PREVALENCE OF LOW BACK PAIN AMONG PHYSIOTHERAPY STUDENTS COMPARED TOMEDICAL STUDENTS – A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY

  Publisher Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRARTH00016

  Your Thesis Publication Details:

  Published Thesis ID: - IJRARTH00016

  Register Thesis ID - 251221

  Title: INCREASED PREVALENCE OF LOW BACK PAIN AMONG PHYSIOTHERAPY STUDENTS COMPARED TOMEDICAL STUDENTS – A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY

  Author Name(s): SHRUTI KALATHIYA, ANKITA AGHEDA, RICHA DHAMELIYA, Sneha Hiren Bhalala(PT)

 Pages: 184-258

 Year: July 2022

 Downloads: 77

 Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Some studies have demonstrated that physiotherapists have a high prevalence of LBP. The association between physiotherapy students, who are potentially exposed to the same LBP occupational risks as graduates and LBP has never been demonstrated. The objective of the study is to evaluate the association between physiotherapy students and LBP. METHODOLOGY: The study design includes a cross-sectional study. This study was conducted among 202 physiotherapy and medical students from different colleges. Data was collected by mixed type of questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were used for data analysis which focused through table, pie and bar chart. Data were numerically coded and analysed through SPSS software program version 24 RESULT: LBP was measured as lifetime, 1-year and point prevalence. 56.93% (115) of the students had LBP at some point in their lives, 29.20% (59) in the last year and 13.86% (28) of them reported they were suffering from LBP at the moment of answering the questionnaire. Among all the participants in relation to duration of pain 65.34% (132) students experienced Acute LBP; 17.32% (35) students experienced Sub-acute LBP and 17.32% (35) students experienced Chronic LBP. CONCLUSION: In this survey there was a high prevalence of LBP among physiotherapy students compared to medical students. Physiotherapist must focus on proper technique posture and adhere to a regimen of self-care to reduce the risk of pain.


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Low back pain, Occupational diseases, Risk factor, Physiotherapy, Students

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  Thesis Title: AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY FOR SOFTWARE QUALITY PREDICTION USING MACHINE LEARNING METHODS

  Publisher Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRARTH00015

  Your Thesis Publication Details:

  Published Thesis ID: - IJRARTH00015

  Register Thesis ID - 251496

  Title: AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY FOR SOFTWARE QUALITY PREDICTION USING MACHINE LEARNING METHODS

  Author Name(s): Regulapati Akhila, A.Anusha, Dr.P.Srinivasa Rao

 Pages: 145-183

 Year: July 2022

 Downloads: 70

 Abstract

Software quality estimation is an activity needed at various stages of software development.It may be used for planning the project quality assurance practices and for benchmarking.In earlier previous studies,two methods multiple criteria linear programming and multiple criteria quadratic programming for estimating the quality of software had been used.Also,C5.0,SVM and Neural network were experimented with for quality estimation.These studies have relatively low accuracies.In this study we aimed to improve estimation accuracy by using relevant features of a large dataset.We used a feature selection method and correlation matrix for reaching higher accuracies.


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Estimation,Machine learning,Software quality

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  Thesis Title: DIGITAL ELECTIONS IS IT ABOUT TIME? AN APPRAISAL OF ELECTRONIC / DIGITAL VOTING

  Publisher Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRARTH00013

  Your Thesis Publication Details:

  Published Thesis ID: - IJRARTH00013

  Register Thesis ID - 251675

  Title: DIGITAL ELECTIONS IS IT ABOUT TIME? AN APPRAISAL OF ELECTRONIC / DIGITAL VOTING

  Author Name(s): Anvesh Verma

 Pages: 891-964

 Year: July 2022

 Downloads: 58

 Abstract

Nationally and internationally there have been several attempts at the adoption of modern technologies in elections. This had a profound effect on the very administration of democracy per se. While some countries have wholeheartedly adopted modern technologies in elections, such as India, Estonia, New Zealand etc., others have regressed and reverted to more traditional forms of paper balloting, such as the Netherlands. There are obviously arguments, both favouring and opposing, the large-scale adoption of modern technology in elections, with strong advocates on both sides. However, there is a paucity of literature sufficiently documenting these arguments, particularly from the Indian perspective. Instead, the current discourse on electronic voting and counting technologies is scattered with various terms and phrases � electronic voting machines, e-voting, e-enabled elections, remote voting, precinct count optical scanning, etc. Lost in all the technological jargon is the realisation that it is not merely technology but also the critical legal framework that provides the foundation upon which any technological advances in the field of elections must necessarily be constructed. As such, an evaluation of the laws and jurisprudence pertaining to election related technologies is necessary. Furthermore, in order to develop a holistic perspective, it is equally necessary to evaluate the experiences of other democracies in a similar light. With the adoption of electronic voting machines EVM�s and the introduction of VVPAT in India, the pathway to full digitalisation of parliamentary elections has opened up making progress in this direction not only possible but desirable and inevitable. However, there is a palpable dearth of literature, comparative analyses, law reviews and technological assessments in this regard. This necessitates stock-taking exercise and review of the experiences, technologies and laws pertaining to digital elections both in India and abroad. This research paper makes an attempt at such an appraisal.


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Election Reform, Technology, EVM, Right to Vote, Digital Democracy

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  Thesis Title: CONSUMER PREFERENCE OF UTILISATION OF RETAIL STORES IN COIMBATORE CITY

  Publisher Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRARTH00012

  Your Thesis Publication Details:

  Published Thesis ID: - IJRARTH00012

  Register Thesis ID - 251535

  Title: CONSUMER PREFERENCE OF UTILISATION OF RETAIL STORES IN COIMBATORE CITY

  Author Name(s): J.SANKAR, Mr.N.CHANDRU

 Pages: 842-890

 Year: July 2022

 Downloads: 80

 Abstract

Consumer preferences are defined as the subjectives individual tastes as measured by utility of varies bundles of goods according to the levels of utility they give the consumer. Note that preferences are independent of income and prices.


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Retailing, Brand, customer behaviour intension the data was collected from customers with in the metropolitan area of Bloemfontein. The study of examines the relative effectiveness of traditional advertising and customer acquisition.

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  Thesis Title: A COST ANALYSIS AND COMPARISON BETWEEN VOIDED SLAB & SOLID SLAB.

  Publisher Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRARTH00011

  Your Thesis Publication Details:

  Published Thesis ID: - IJRARTH00011

  Register Thesis ID - 250958

  Title: A COST ANALYSIS AND COMPARISON BETWEEN VOIDED SLAB & SOLID SLAB.

  Author Name(s): Sushant sanjay adhikari, Dr. Pravin D. Nemade

 Pages: 789-791

 Year: July 2022

 Downloads: 71

 Abstract

In the following study the G + 3 Building has a Solid Slab compared to the economic Voided Slab. Plastic voided slabs provide comparable load carrying capacity to traditional flat plate concrete slabs but weigh extensively much less. discusses traditional flat plate reinforced concrete slabs by describing how the slabs are constructed and resulting advantages and disadvantages of this construction. Before plastic voided slabs can be fully understood, a thorough knowledge of Solid reinforced concrete slabs- behavior, failure mechanisms, design, and limitations- is critical. When designing a reinforced concrete structure, the main design limit is the length of the slab between the columns. Then according to the specified criteria assigned it analysis the structure and design the members withreinforcement details for reinforced concrete frames.Building Building construction is the engineering deals with the construction of building such as residential houses. The design procedure and failure mechanisms for solid slabs are also described, whereas discusses the principles of voided slabs that led to the eventual invention of plastic voided slabs including previous applications of voided slab principles. Plastic voided slabs dispose of concrete from non-essential regions and update the eliminated concrete with hollow plastic void formers at the same time as reaching similar load capacity as solid slabs. A brand new method to reduce the burden of concrete structures and growth the spans of way strengthened concrete slab systems turned into evolved in the Nineteen Nineties in Europe and is gaining reputation and attractiveness worldwide. Everyone wants to have a comfortable home on average, usually spending two thirds of their life in the house. The structure of a building is a three-dimensional structure consisting of a column, beams and slabs due to population growth, higher structures are required. This weight loss creates many advantages that ought to be taken into consideration by engineers figuring out the structural gadget of the building.


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  Thesis Title: PERCEIVED STRESS AND FATIGUE AMONG COLLEGE STUDENTS IN POST-COVID-19 ERA OF VADODARA DISTRICT: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY.

  Publisher Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRARTH00010

  Your Thesis Publication Details:

  Published Thesis ID: - IJRARTH00010

  Register Thesis ID - 251188

  Title: PERCEIVED STRESS AND FATIGUE AMONG COLLEGE STUDENTS IN POST-COVID-19 ERA OF VADODARA DISTRICT: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY.

  Author Name(s): Dr. Rushikesh K. Joshi, Srushti Desai, Happy Patel, Arti Chudasama, Kamil Lafawala

 Pages: 751-788

 Year: July 2022

 Downloads: 68

 Abstract

�Perceived Stress And Fatigue Among College Students In Post-Covid-19 Era Of Vadodara District: A Cross-Sectional Study.� (Authors- Srushti Desai, Rushikesh K. Joshi, Happy Patel, Arti Chudasama, Kamil Mehdi Lafawala) ABSTRACT Aim: To determine the prevalence of Perceived Stress and Fatigue among College Students in Post-Covid-19 Era of Vadodara District. Methods: The proposed sample was 207, and calculated using the �Statulator Sample Size Calculator tool�, at confidence level 95%. Considering the non-response rate, the form was circulated to a total of 250 students, from colleges of Drs. Kiran & Pallavi Patel Global University (KPGU), Vadodara and Maharaja Sayajirao University (MSU), Vadodara, combined, following the inclusion and exclusion criterion. The present study was conducted through an online survey. A Questionnaire was drafted with Google forms and distributed among the participants of the purposive sample, within students of KPGU and MSU.. The perceived stress and fatigue scores were assessed by instruments PSS-10 and FAS scales. Descriptive Statistics are presented as Qualitative data as Frequency/Percentage and Quantitative data as Frequency Distribution, Mean Distribution and Standard Deviation (SD) with 95% confidence level (CI) for normative distribution. Results: Scores obtained were measured to be high (extreme fatigue) among 22.9% college students and moderate for 75.2% of college students. Only 1.9% of students were measured to have low fatigue scores. Perceived Stress scores were recorded amongst the participants using the PSS-10 to be high among 18.6% respondent students and moderate among 60% respondent students. Only 21.4% of students reported low scores of perceived stresses. Conclusion: The current study found significant persistence of fatigue and perceived stress among college students of Vadodara. Majority of the population reported having moderate-to-high levels of fatigue and/or stress. Female students share a disposition to greater stress while male students seem to be more receptive to fatigability. Furthermore, youngsters in the middle years of their degree programme displayed more signs of stress and fatigue than those fresh in the curriculum or the ones completing their final years. Key words: Perceived stress, Fatigue, COVID-19, FAS, PSS-10


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 Keywords

Perceived stress, Fatigue, COVID-19, FAS, PSS-10

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  Thesis Title: INSILICO T-CELL EPITOPE BASED VACCINE DESIGN AGAINST HEPATITIS VIRUS

  Publisher Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRARTH00009

  Your Thesis Publication Details:

  Published Thesis ID: - IJRARTH00009

  Register Thesis ID - 251090

  Title: INSILICO T-CELL EPITOPE BASED VACCINE DESIGN AGAINST HEPATITIS VIRUS

  Author Name(s): Deepala Vasantha Vidya Lakshmi

 Pages: 680-750

 Year: July 2022

 Downloads: 68

 Abstract

Hepatitis is a serious health risk now-a-days and needs advancement in its treatment against increasing problems of the drug efficacy and the existence of the resistant virus. Hepatitis refers to the inflammation of the liver. It is commonly caused by a virus. Viral infections of the liver include Hepatitis A, B, C, D, E. A different type of virus is responsible for causing various types of Hepatitis disease. Various vaccines are available for treating the Hepatitis. In the present study, the problems of designing an efficient drug were solved using various computer aided tools. With the help of tools like NetCTL and IEDB(Immune Epitope Database and Analysis Resource), various epitopes have been identified, that can be used as ligands for the construction of a drug. Three-dimensional modelling of the selected epitope sequences was done using PEPFOLD and PHYRE softwares.


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hepatitis, Vaccine, T-cell, Epitope

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  Thesis Title: CONSUMER BUYING BEHAVIOUR TOWARDS SOCIAL MEDIA MARKETING

  Publisher Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRARTH00008

  Your Thesis Publication Details:

  Published Thesis ID: - IJRARTH00008

  Register Thesis ID - 250866

  Title: CONSUMER BUYING BEHAVIOUR TOWARDS SOCIAL MEDIA MARKETING

  Author Name(s): DR.M.P. Kumaran, S.Navin

 Pages: 603-679

 Year: July 2022

 Downloads: 68

 Abstract

Social Media have provided new opportunities to consumer to engage in an social interaction on internet. Now a days, Consumers use social media to online communities, to generate content and to network with other users. The social media have changed the power structure at the place where goods sold and purchased online with marketing tools and techniques. The study observed that consumers are adapting to online marketing and their buying behaviour is being influenced accordingly. The aim of this paper is to study the impact of social media on consumer buying behaviour.


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 Keywords

social media, consumer behaviour, decision making process

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  Thesis Title: AN EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION ON MIX DESIGN AND THE PROPERTIES OF FLY-ASH WASTE LIGHT WEIGHT AGGREGATES IN CONCRETE

  Publisher Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRARTH00007

  Your Thesis Publication Details:

  Published Thesis ID: - IJRARTH00007

  Register Thesis ID - 250557

  Title: AN EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION ON MIX DESIGN AND THE PROPERTIES OF FLY-ASH WASTE LIGHT WEIGHT AGGREGATES IN CONCRETE

  Author Name(s): S. Vishwanath, Kusuma Sai Krishna, Bairaboina Mahesh, Samala Mani Sai

 Pages: 555-602

 Year: July 2022

 Downloads: 71

 Abstract

Concrete is one of the most popular building materials and has a great capacity for consuming industrial pollutants. Use of waste and by-product materials as cement and aggregate substitutes in concrete is one of the most efficient ways to lessen the unfavorable environmental impact of concrete as demand for it rises. One of these waste products is fly ash, which is created in enormous amounts as a byproduct from thermal power plants. Fly ash is frequently not utilized, which causes issues with storage and the environment. A practical way to get rid of fly ash in big amounts is to use it to make lightweight aggregate. The manufacturing and application of lightweight aggregate in structural concrete are not frequently considered since there is a lack of a good mix design technique. When establishing the mix proportioning for light weight concretes, the absorption property of lightweight aggregate is a crucial problem. The goal of the current study is to develop a novel mix design approach for the creation of fly ash lightweight aggregate concrete that is both easier to use and more dependable than the current methods. Additionally, a spectrum of concretes with water cement ratios ranging from 0.25 to 0.75 have been developed to validate the suggested methodology. It is clear from the study that cement alone, without the use of super plasticizers, can be used to create concrete with more strength than the conventional concrete. Additionally, it is made sure that no concrete has a density greater than 2000 kg/m3. Fly ash waste light weight aggregate and super plasticizers conplast wl extra were used for specimens by 10, 20, 30, and 40%, respectively. Standard 150x150x150mm cubes were cast for 7, 14, and 28 days, and their compressive, split tensile, and flexural strengths were evaluated


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 Keywords

Cement, Natural Sand, Coarse aggregate, Conplast WL XTRA, Compressive Strength , Split Tensile Strength, Flexural Strength

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  Thesis Title: CONSTITUTIONAL PERSPECTIVE WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO DELAY IN EXECUTION OF DEATH SENTENCE

  Publisher Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRARTH00006

  Your Thesis Publication Details:

  Published Thesis ID: - IJRARTH00006

  Register Thesis ID - 246703

  Title: CONSTITUTIONAL PERSPECTIVE WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO DELAY IN EXECUTION OF DEATH SENTENCE

  Author Name(s): ASHWIN. S

 Pages: 415-554

 Year: June 2022

 Downloads: 150

 Abstract

�Punishment itself was an evil, however an important evil�- setting the perpetrator to loss of life to educate other minds a lesson. � Bentham Anybody is privy to the essential function of human behavior i.e. love for existence. It is the most treasured wealth for an individual and not best a man or women, however additionally for an animal, even an animal does not want to lose the existence. For a person not anything may be beloved than life sentence and death penalty is that type of punishment that takes this loved one assets.


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CONSTITUTIONAL PERSPECTIVE WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO DELAY IN EXECUTION OF DEATH SENTENCE

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  Thesis Title: DIVERSIFYING TEACHING AND LEARNING: DIFFERENTIATED INSTRUCTION IN ENGLISH CLASSES

  Publisher Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRARTH00005

  Your Thesis Publication Details:

  Published Thesis ID: - IJRARTH00005

  Register Thesis ID - 249314

  Title: DIVERSIFYING TEACHING AND LEARNING: DIFFERENTIATED INSTRUCTION IN ENGLISH CLASSES

  Author Name(s): Marjorie Joy E. Pacifico

 Pages: 342-414

 Year: June 2022

 Downloads: 87

 Abstract

ABSTRACT This study looked into the lived experience of English teachers and intermediate learners from selected public and private schools in the Second District of Laguna as to the utilization of differentiated instruction in their online classes. The study explored the experiences, challenges, and coping strategies of selected ten English teachers and ten selected intermediate learners. As an output of the study, an activity guide entitled Differentiated Instruction (DI) Menu with lists of activities that will guide teachers in utilizing differentiated instruction and address the diversity of students in English class was proposed. The research design used was qualitative with phenomenology as an approach. Using the Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis, the study generated six superordinate themes namely, Technology Aided Strategies, Reactions to Differentiated Tasks, Motivation and Follow-Up Praises, Conventional and Online Activities, Problems Faced in Conducting Differentiated Tasks, and Various Coping Strategies. Students are really diverse in nature which is why teachers accommodate this diversity by means of differentiated instruction. The utilization of differentiated instruction in an online class gains positive responses from the teachers and students, so teachers use this strategy continuously. However, they encounter challenges in the utilization that may affect the quality of education but apply various strategies to cope with these. They continuously seek improvement to make their skills better. Lastly, they use their experiences as a guide in dealing with life and challenges which help them to be flexible and capable enough to adapt to any situation and succeed in their paths.


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 Keywords

teaching, learning, differentiated instruction, English

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  Thesis Title: JUDICIAL REVIEW OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT- AN ANALYTICAL STUDY [WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO INDIAN CONSTITUTION]

  Publisher Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRARTH00004

  Your Thesis Publication Details:

  Published Thesis ID: - IJRARTH00004

  Register Thesis ID - 247392

  Title: JUDICIAL REVIEW OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT- AN ANALYTICAL STUDY [WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO INDIAN CONSTITUTION]

  Author Name(s): SANDEEP MISHRA, Dr. Hiren Ch. Nath

 Pages: 206-341

 Year: June 2022

 Downloads: 128

 Abstract

ABSTRACT The fundamental law of the land of any nation is its Constitution. Consequently Constitutional Law is a subject of paramount importance. Every Constitution provide for its �amendment�. It is made with a view to overcome the difficulties which may encounter in future in the working of the constitution. I felt the need of doing this research work as to sufficiently and clearly understand the basic procedure for bringing any change in the constitution through the concept of constitutional amendment in different countries such as U.S.A., U.K., Australia and Canada with special reference to the Constitution of India. In dealing with this subject of my research, I have also come across the concept of the �Doctrine of Judicial Review� being used by different constitutional machineries of some of the world constitutions in determining the competency of such constitutional amendments. However there are some constitutions which do not provides for its judicial review. Then how such countries carried out the process to determine the constitutionality of any constitutional amendments undertaken by them? I have tried to explain the answer to the question in a plain manner in my research work in the best possible extent and as per my capability of fair understanding of such subject for which I have researched for. I crave the indulgence of the readers of any error or imperfection which might have, despite the best possible endeavors�, crept in this research work. Any suggestion, correction or improvement of my research work in this work shall be gratefully welcomed.


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 Keywords

JUDICIAL REVEIEW

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  Thesis Title: SMART PARKING SYSTEM USING AURDINO WITH NODEMCU

  Publisher Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRARTH00003

  Your Thesis Publication Details:

  Published Thesis ID: - IJRARTH00003

  Register Thesis ID - 248772

  Title: SMART PARKING SYSTEM USING AURDINO WITH NODEMCU

  Author Name(s): Y PRANAV SAI KUMAR REDDY, CH BHARGAV, G YESHWANTH KUMAR, Mr. Rajkumar D Bhure

 Pages: 161-205

 Year: June 2022

 Downloads: 94

 Abstract

Car parking is a major issue in modern congested cities of today. There simply are too many vehicles on the road and not enough parking spaces. We led to the need for efficient parking management systems. This we demonstrate the use of IOT based parking management system that allows for efficient parking space utilization using IOT technology. To demonstrate the concept, we use IR sensors for sensing parking slot occupancy along with a dc motor to simulate as gate opener motors. We now use a Wi-Fi modem for internet connectivity and a microcontroller for operating the system. We create a webpage for online connectivity and IOT management GUI design. The system detects the parking slots are occupied using IR sensors. The system reads the number of parking slots available or occupied and updates data with the cloud server to allow for checking parking slot availability online. This allows users to check for available parking spaces online from anywhere and available hassle-free parking. Thus, the system solves the parking users an efficient IOT based parking management system.


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  Thesis Title: BLOOD BANK

  Publisher Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRARTH00002

  Your Thesis Publication Details:

  Published Thesis ID: - IJRARTH00002

  Register Thesis ID - 248297

  Title: BLOOD BANK

  Author Name(s): Deepak Kumar, Deepak, Pramod Kumar, Ankit bhandari, Ankit Gupta

 Pages: 36-160

 Year: June 2022

 Downloads: 98

 Abstract

This project is focusing the preparation of such a Portal or Website, which intends to provide information about Online Blood Bank Management, Doctors and Camps. The reason behind the creation of a website named SaveLifeFoundation.Com where a user or Patient can access or get information about Blood Banks in their locality by just visiting this site with a single click of a mouse. So they get the desired information about doctors or Blood Banks in emergency. You can take appointment with doctor or make a schedule with Blood Banks by sending them mail or by call them on their contact number through the contact number which will appear in a display in their page.


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  Thesis Title: EMISSION CONTROL IN AUTOMOBILE USING BLACK BOX

  Publisher Name: IJRAR

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJRARTH00001

  Your Thesis Publication Details:

  Published Thesis ID: - IJRARTH00001

  Register Thesis ID - 247394

  Title: EMISSION CONTROL IN AUTOMOBILE USING BLACK BOX

  Author Name(s): Sneh Prabha

 Pages: 1-35

 Year: May 2022

 Downloads: 125

 Abstract

More and more vehicles are equipped with in - vehicle monitoring systems, and there are now a wide variety of these system on the market.For the most part it serves as a feedback system for drivers and others by keeping tabs on things like how they drive, when they drive,and where they drive it.Many also give in -vehicle notification pre-set limits are violated(for example,hard acceleration).It is the drivers behaviour on the road that is being watched, such as speed etc.When a motorists propensity to engage in certain behaviours is tracked, the system may provide a risk assessmefor that driver.It may also make it possible to find ways to lessen the likelihood of a car accident for the driver.We will investigate the use of a black box to reduce emission in automobile in this research report.


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 Keywords

Emission,Control, Automobile,Black box.

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IJRAR.ORG


ISSN
E-ISSN 2348-1269,
P- ISSN 2349-5138
UGC ISSN APPROVED
Journal Starting Year (ESTD) : 2014
ISSN
ISSN
IJRAR.ORG


ISSN
E-ISSN 2348-1269,
P- ISSN 2349-5138
UGC ISSN APPROVED
Journal Starting Year (ESTD) : 2014
ISSN
ISSN
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